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Case Report Open Access


Spinal form of ADEM

Rajaguru M1, Sangamithra Gandra2, Ganesh Vellampalli3.

Abstract
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), or acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis, is a rare autoimmune disease marked by a sudden, widespread attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord. Along with inflammation of the brain and spinal cord , ADEM also attacks the nerves of the central nervous system and damages their myelin insulation, which, as a result, destroys the white matter. It is often triggered after the patient had a viral infection or, perhaps exceedingly rarely specific non-routine vaccinations.[1][2][3] We report a case of a 29 yr old male who presented with symptoms of sudden onset paraparesis which was suggestive of transverse myelitis but upon detailed evaluation, he was found to have ADEM which presented as spinal form which is a rare presentation of ADEM. Although ADEM is most commonly reported in children ,rarely it can also occur in adults as in our case.

Key words: ADEM, brain, spinal cord, white matter, Multiple sclerosis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

M R, Gandra S, Vellampalli G. Spinal form of ADEM. NMJ. 2017; 6(1): 59-67. doi:10.5455/nmj./00000125


Web Style

M R, Gandra S, Vellampalli G. Spinal form of ADEM. http://www.narayanamedicaljournal.com/?mno=269654 [Access: December 17, 2017]. doi:10.5455/nmj./00000125


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

M R, Gandra S, Vellampalli G. Spinal form of ADEM. NMJ. 2017; 6(1): 59-67. doi:10.5455/nmj./00000125



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

M R, Gandra S, Vellampalli G. Spinal form of ADEM. NMJ. (2017), [cited December 17, 2017]; 6(1): 59-67. doi:10.5455/nmj./00000125



Harvard Style

M, R., Gandra, S. & Vellampalli, G. (2017) Spinal form of ADEM. NMJ, 6 (1), 59-67. doi:10.5455/nmj./00000125



Turabian Style

M, Rajaguru, Sangamithra Gandra, and Ganesh Vellampalli. 2017. Spinal form of ADEM. Narayana Medical Journal, 6 (1), 59-67. doi:10.5455/nmj./00000125



Chicago Style

M, Rajaguru, Sangamithra Gandra, and Ganesh Vellampalli. "Spinal form of ADEM." Narayana Medical Journal 6 (2017), 59-67. doi:10.5455/nmj./00000125



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

M, Rajaguru, Sangamithra Gandra, and Ganesh Vellampalli. "Spinal form of ADEM." Narayana Medical Journal 6.1 (2017), 59-67. Print. doi:10.5455/nmj./00000125



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

M, R., Gandra, S. & Vellampalli, G. (2017) Spinal form of ADEM. Narayana Medical Journal, 6 (1), 59-67. doi:10.5455/nmj./00000125



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