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Review Article 


Management of heart failure in 2022-An update

Alok Kumar Singh, Ratna Pandey.

Abstract
Heart failure is the final common pathway for many diseases that affect the cardiovascular system, if left untreated in the early course of disease. The lifetime risk for developing heart failure is about 20%. Increasing prevalence of cardiac risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia, as well as improved survival of patients with acute cardiovascular diseases have resulted in HF becoming a major public health problem, across the world. A rough estimate on the community-level prevalence of HF in the adult population in India is about 1 %. In this article risk factors, pathophysiological basis, classification and treatment of chronic heart failure are reviewed.

Key words: chronic heart failure, brain natriuretic peptide,cardiac resynchronization therapy


 
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Pubmed Style

Singh AK, Pandey R, . Management of heart failure in 2022-An update. doi:10.5455/nmj/00000228


Web Style

Singh AK, Pandey R, . Management of heart failure in 2022-An update. https://www.narayanamedicaljournal.com/?mno=97862 [Access: August 23, 2022]. doi:10.5455/nmj/00000228


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Singh AK, Pandey R, . Management of heart failure in 2022-An update. doi:10.5455/nmj/00000228



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Singh AK, Pandey R, . Management of heart failure in 2022-An update. doi:10.5455/nmj/00000228



Harvard Style

Singh, A. K., Pandey, R. & (0) Management of heart failure in 2022-An update. doi:10.5455/nmj/00000228



Turabian Style

Singh, Alok Kumar, Ratna Pandey, and . 0. Management of heart failure in 2022-An update. doi:10.5455/nmj/00000228



Chicago Style

Singh, Alok Kumar, Ratna Pandey, and . "Management of heart failure in 2022-An update." doi:10.5455/nmj/00000228



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Singh, Alok Kumar, Ratna Pandey, and . "Management of heart failure in 2022-An update." doi:10.5455/nmj/00000228



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Singh, A. K., Pandey, R. & (0) Management of heart failure in 2022-An update. doi:10.5455/nmj/00000228








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